The Adverse Impact of the 2023-24 Budget on Pakistan’s Real Estate Sector

The 2023-24 budget has brought considerable turbulence across Pakistan’s real estate sector. Both buyers and investors have been hit hard by the newly introduced regulations, facing implications that go beyond the industry itself. In this post, we will delve into the details of these changes, and discuss their impact on different stakeholders across the country.

Overview of the 2023-24 Budgetary Changes

As part of the approved budget for Fiscal Year (FY) 2023-24, the Government of Pakistan has introduced several significant changes. These measures, although seen by some as necessary for the country’s economic stability, have nevertheless thrown the real estate sector into a state of un-certainty and liquidity crunch.

Let us discuss some specific factors that have directly impacted the masses that are associated in some way with the country’s real-estate sector:-

  • Increase in Property Valuation Rates: The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) significantly increased it’s property valuation rates. This change has led to a rise in the cost of property transactions, affecting buyers and sellers alike.
  • Revision of Tax Laws: The tax laws for the real estate sector have been revised, with a new framework introduced for property valuation. This has created apprehensions among investors regarding potential financial repercussions. As a result, investors are shying away from investing in real estate.
  • Introduction of a Wealth Tax: A new wealth tax on property owners was also introduced. This additional tax burden has been a cause of concern for property owners, particularly those with multiple properties. Such measures also deter investors from acquiring more real-estate assets.

The Impact 2023-24 Budget on Property Buyers

The recent changes in the 2023-24 budget have resulted in a harsh reality for potential buyers. The following are some factors that have directly hit this segment:-

Increase in Transaction Costs

With the increase in property valuation rates, the transaction costs associated with buying property have shot-up significantly. This means that potential buyers now need to shell out more money up-front, making property ownership more expensive, and less accessible to the average Pakistani buyer.

Discouragement of First-Time Buyers

This additional financial burden has discouraged many first-time buyers. With already high property prices and now increased transaction costs, the dream of owning a house seems far-fetched for the vast majority.

The Impact 2023-24 Budget on Investors

Not only buyers, but also investors have been hard hit by these budgetary changes. Investors act as the lifeblood of the real-estate sector, by providing liquidity in the market and creating new opportunities. Let’s dive into how they are adversely affected.

Increased Uncertainty

The revision of tax laws and introduction of a new framework for property valuations have increased the uncertainty for real-estate investors as well. The new tax regulations are complex and create apprehensions about future financial implications, making the investment climate less favorable for investors.

Reduced Profitability

The newly introduced wealth tax has added to the woes of the investors. This additional tax burden reduces the profitability of real estate investments, which may lead to a decrease in overall investment in this otherwise lucrative sector.

The Impact 2023-24 Budget on the Real Estate Sector

Beyond individual buyers and investors, these changes also have potential repercussions for the real estate sector as a whole. Let us discuss how these changes have impacted organizations and professionals associated directly with the real-estate sector.

Dampening of Demand

With buyers and investors both facing financial challenges, the demand for properties is expected to decrease. This may lead to a slowdown in the growth of the real estate sector, as a whole.

Increased Market Volatility

The uncertainty and potential financial repercussions of new tax laws could lead to increased market volatility. The real estate market may experience significant price fluctuations, affecting all stakeholders. A high volatility is also taken negatively by both real-estate investors and end users.

A Snapshot of Revised Tax Rates in 2023-24 Budget

On sale of property, the tax rate has been increased for filers, from 2% of the asset’s value to 3%. If the status of the seller is non-filer in FBR records, the tax rate has been revised upwards, from 4% previously, to 6% of the asset’s value.  

A similar scenario can be observed in the case of purchasers of property / real-estate assets. On purchase of property, the tax rate has been increased for filers, from 2% to 3% of the asset’s value.

The situation is even worse for buyers of property, which are non-filers in FBR records. For non-filing purchasers of property, the tax rate has been revised substantially higher, from 7% to a whopping 10.5% of the asset’s value.  


The 2023-24 budgetary changes have undeniably introduced a wave of uncertainty and financial challenges for the real estate sector in Pakistan. While these changes may aid in achieving economic stability in the long run, their immediate impact has been unsettling for buyers, investors, and the sector as a whole.

Only time will reveal the long-term consequences of these budgetary shifts, but for now, stakeholders must navigate this turbulence with caution. After the upcoming general elections in late 2023, we can expect some positive sentiment returning to the market. For highly professional real-estate investment services and advice, feel free to Contact Brick Marketing & Developers (Pvt.) Ltd.